What is Buoyancy Effect of TGA experiment?
TGA (thermogravimetric analysis) is an important method to analyze the hydration products of cementitious materials. When a TGA test for cementitious materials sample is performed, the initial TGA curve may appears as such:
In the last post, I explained the clear definition of different densities. Among these densities, bulk density and apparent density are the two most important values when performing mercury intrusion porosity (MIP) experiment.
Since samples that undergo MIP are usually irregular, the bulk volume is not possible to measure without being immersed in liquid. By the help of MIP, the bulk volume can be measured, thus the bulk density can be calculated simply dividing the mass by bulk volume.
As material researchers, we know density is the physical property of materials. Even since grade school, we are taught that density is simply the mass of an object divided by its volume.
However, this is pretty complicated in the case of cementitious materials. The mass of a certain amount of harden cement (or concrete) paste is a finite value, but how about the volume? since the harden cement paste is porous, how do we consider the open and close pores inside the paste as we want to determine the volume?
Theoretical background: see chapters 3 and 4 in Machiels (2010). Sample preparation method modified from Machiels et al. (2008).
The mineralogy and glass content of slags depend largely on the mode of cooling of the slags, e.g. slow cooling in a slag pot can result in a large amount of crystalline phases, and fast granulation in water can result in high glass content. A mineralogical analysis will thus only represent the mineralogy of a slag system for a certain grade of cooling and strongly different results can be obtained when cooling conditions are different between the different batches.
Even in a single slag pot, mineralogy and glass content can vary strongly. Taking a sample representative for a slag pot can be done by performing the sampling after a first size reduction of the bulk material or, by mixing representative parts of the slag pot (sides of the pot, center, near cracks, in center of slags, etc.)
1 Procedure of EDTA
A typical chemical reaction of a slag could be like the following [NIST, D.P Bentz],
C7.88S7.39M3A + 2.6CH + bH → 7.39C1.42SHmA0.046 + 0.66M4.6AHd
C=CaO, S=SiO2, M=MgO, A=Al2 O3, CH=Ca(OH)2, H=H2O.
The method EDTA (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) has been described by Erntroy [Erntry, 1987]. The following is a short description of the method.